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Example of a Variable Labor Budget Model for Hospitality Companies

What is a Variable Labor Budget Model?

Variable Labor Budget Models are considered planning and forecasting tools and are used by budget managers and department heads to capture wages by position. Some of the main functionality in this type of input form is that it is uses drivers (typically from an assumptions template) like hourly rates, max/min hours and room occupancy to calculate the labor expenses. You find an example of this type of input form below.

Purpose of Variable Labor Budget Models

Hospitality companies use Variable Labor Budget Models to automate the capturing of detailed labor budgets by department and business unit. When used as part of good business practices in FP&A departments, a company can improve its budget accuracy, and it can reduce the chances that labor expenses are over- or under estimated.

Example of a Variable Labor Budget Model

Here is an example of a departmental input form for Variable Labor Wages.

Example of a Variable Labor Budget Model for Hospitality Companies

Example of a Variable Labor Budget Model for Hospitality Companies

You can find hundreds of additional examples here

Who Uses This Type of Input form?

The typical users of this type of input form are: Budget managers, HR managers, department heads.

Other Reports Often Used in Conjunction with Variable Labor Budget Models

Progressive FP&A departments sometimes use several different Variable Labor Budget Models, along with Employee payroll budgets, human capital planning models, profit & loss budgets, historical financial statements, budget analysis dashboards and other management and control tools.

Where Does the Data for Analysis Originate From?

The Actual (historical transactions) data typically comes from enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems like: Microsoft Dynamics 365 (D365) Finance, Microsoft Dynamics 365 Business Central (D365 BC), Microsoft Dynamics AX, Microsoft Dynamics NAV, Microsoft Dynamics GP, Microsoft Dynamics SL, Sage Intacct, Sage 100, Sage 300, Sage 500, Sage X3, SAP Business One, SAP ByDesign, Acumatica, Netsuite and others.

In analyses where budgets or forecasts are used, the planning data most often originates from in-house Excel spreadsheet models or from professional corporate performance management (CPM/EPM) solutions.

What Tools are Typically used for Reporting, Planning and Dashboards?

Examples of business software used with the data and ERPs mentioned above are:

  • Native ERP report writers and query tools
  • Spreadsheets (for example Microsoft Excel)
  • Corporate Performance Management (CPM) tools (for example Solver)
  • Dashboards (for example Microsoft Power BI and Tableau)

Corporate Performance Management (CPM) Cloud Solutions and More Examples

Example of a Variable Labor Budget Assumptions Model for Hospitality Companies

What is a Variable Labor Budget Assumptions Model?

Variable Labor Models are considered planning and forecasting tools and are used by budget managers and HR leaders to automate employee budgets with drivers for wages and benefits. Some of the main functionality in this type of input form is that it is parameter driven and can be populated by business entity, department and position type. Examples of assumptions that can be entered are: Minimum hours, Wage rates, Timing of annual increase, Increment threshold, Productivity ratio, and Maximum hours. You find an example of this type of input form below.

Purpose of Variable Labor Assumption Models

Hospitality companies use Variable Labor Assumption Models to provide a dynamic way to capture drivers of labor costs and automate human capital modelling. When used as part of good business practices in FP&A departments, a company can improve its budget process and speed, and it can reduce the chances that budgets are inaccurate due to hardcoded wages and assumptions.

Example of a Variable Labor Assumption Model

Here is an example of a Variable Labor Assumption Input Form with various drivers.

Example of a Variable Labor Budget Assumptions Model for Hospitality Companies

Example of a Variable Labor Budget Assumptions Model for Hospitality Companies

You can find hundreds of additional examples here

Who Uses This Type of Input form?

The typical users of this type of input form are: Budget managers, HR managers, department heads.

Other Reports Often Used in Conjunction with Variable Labor Assumption Models

Progressive FP&A departments sometimes use several different Variable Labor Assumption Models, along with Employee payroll budgets, human capital planning models, profit & loss budgets, historical financial statements, budget analysis dashboards and other management and control tools.

Where Does the Data for Analysis Originate From?

The Actual (historical transactions) data typically comes from enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems like: Microsoft Dynamics 365 (D365) Finance, Microsoft Dynamics 365 Business Central (D365 BC), Microsoft Dynamics AX, Microsoft Dynamics NAV, Microsoft Dynamics GP, Microsoft Dynamics SL, Sage Intacct, Sage 100, Sage 300, Sage 500, Sage X3, SAP Business One, SAP ByDesign, Acumatica, Netsuite and others.

In analyses where budgets or forecasts are used, the planning data most often originates from in-house Excel spreadsheet models or from professional corporate performance management (CPM/EPM) solutions.

What Tools are Typically used for Reporting, Planning and Dashboards?

Examples of business software used with the data and ERPs mentioned above are:

  • Native ERP report writers and query tools
  • Spreadsheets (for example Microsoft Excel)
  • Corporate Performance Management (CPM) tools (for example Solver)
  • Dashboards (for example Microsoft Power BI and Tableau)

Corporate Performance Management (CPM) Cloud Solutions and More Examples

Sales Price and Cost Budget per Product for a Retail Company

What is a Sales Price and Cost Budget per Product?

Product price and cost budget templates are considered an essential component of a retail sales budget or forecast and are used by regional sales executives and store managers to plan for weekly or monthly sales. Key functionality in this type of input form displays items by product group down the rows and Price and Cost in the columns. Using budget versioning, multiple price and cost scenarios can be created. The resulting figures are pulled up in a Quantity input template and used to calculate the total expected sales revenue per item. While a corporate user often enters the price and cost in this template, it is typical that regional managers or store managers later capture the forecasted sales quantities. You will find an example of this type of input form below.

Purpose of Product Price and Cost Models

Retail companies use Product Price and Cost Models to easily capture detailed estimates per item that is then multiplied with sales quantity forecasts to drive the total sales revenue per product, store, region and when consolidated. When used as part of good business practices in a Financial Planning & Analysis (FP&A) department, a retail corporation can improve its sales forecast accuracy which helps to budget for expenses and investments, as well as, reduce the chances that inventories end up too high or too low.

Product Price and Cost Budget Model Example

Here is an example of Retail planning template for Product Price and Cost.

Sales Price and Cost Budget per Product for a Retail Company

Sales Price and Cost Budget per Product for a Retail Company

You can find hundreds of additional examples here.

Who Uses This Type of Input Form?

The typical users of this type of input form are: Budget managers, regional sales managers, product managers.

Other Input Forms Often Used in Conjunction with Product Price and Cost Models

Progressive Financial Planning & Analysis (FP&A) Departments sometimes use several different Product Price and Cost Models, along with sales quantity budgets, capex, operating expenses, cash flow plans and other management and control tools.

Where Does the Data for Analysis Originate From?

The Actual (historical transactions) data typically comes from enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems like: Microsoft Dynamics 365 (D365) Finance, Microsoft Dynamics 365 Business Central (D365 BC), Microsoft Dynamics AX, Microsoft Dynamics NAV, Microsoft Dynamics GP, Microsoft Dynamics SL, Sage Intacct, Sage 100, Sage 300, Sage 500, Sage X3, SAP Business One, SAP ByDesign, Acumatica, Netsuite and others.

In analyses where budgets or forecasts are used, the planning data most often originates from in-house Excel spreadsheet models or from professional corporate performance management (CPM/EPM) solutions.

What Tools are Typically used for Reporting, Planning and Dashboards?

Examples of business software used with the data and ERPs mentioned above are:

  • Native ERP report writers and query tools
  • Spreadsheets (for example Microsoft Excel)
  • Corporate Performance Management (CPM) tools (for example Solver)
  • Dashboards (for example Microsoft Power BI and Tableau)

Corporate Performance Management (CPM) Cloud Solutions and More Examples

Expense Budget Assumptions for Healthcare Providers Example

What is an Expense Budget Assumptions for Healthcare Providers?

Expense Assumption input forms are considered budget drivers and are often used by budget managers to automatically calculate expenses, such as for personnel and capital purchases. Key functionality in this type of form provides input for salary and capex drivers. Details for compensation include tax and benefit drivers, increase for shift, overtime and other labor. Details for capex include average lifetime for various asset categories. You will find an example of this type of form below.

Automate Your Healthcare Operations

Purpose of Expense Assumption Forms

Hospitals and clinics use Expense Assumption Forms to streamline and automate their expense budget. When used as part of good business practices in a Financial Planning & Analysis (FP&A) department, an organization can improve its expense planning process, as well as, reduce the chances that budgets become static and where alterations due to changing circumstances becomes time consuming.

Expense Assumption Form Example

Here is an example of a Expense Budget Assumption form for a healthcare provider.

Expense Budget Assumptions for Healthcare Providers Example

Expense Budget Assumptions for Healthcare Providers Example

You can find hundreds of additional examples here.

Who Uses This Type of Form?

The typical users of this type of form are: Budget Managers, analysts and CFOs.

Other Forms Often Used in Conjunction with Expense Assumption Forms

Progressive Financial Planning & Analysis (FP&A) Departments sometimes use several different Expense Assumption Forms, along with detailed budget input forms for revenue, capex, payroll and operating expenses and other management and control tools.

Solver for Healthcare Providers

Where Does the Data for Analysis Originate From?

The Actual (historical transactions) data typically comes from enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems like: Microsoft Dynamics 365 (D365) Finance, Microsoft Dynamics 365 Business Central (D365 BC), Microsoft Dynamics AX, Microsoft Dynamics NAV, Microsoft Dynamics GP, Microsoft Dynamics SL, Sage Intacct, Sage 100, Sage 300, Sage 500, Sage X3, SAP Business One, SAP ByDesign, Acumatica, Netsuite and others.

In analyses where budgets or forecasts are used, the planning data most often originates from in-house Excel spreadsheet models or from professional corporate performance management (CPM/EPM) solutions.

What Tools are Typically used for Reporting, Planning and Dashboards?

Examples of business software used with the data and ERPs mentioned above are:

  • Native ERP report writers and query tools
  • Spreadsheets (for example Microsoft Excel)
  • Corporate Performance Management (CPM) tools (for example Solver)
  • Dashboards (for example Microsoft Power BI and Tableau)

Automate Your Healthcare Operations

Corporate Performance Management (CPM) Cloud Solutions and More Examples

Revenue Budget Assumptions for Healthcare Providers Example

What is a Revenue Budget Assumptions Model for Healthcare Providers?

Revenue Assumption input forms are considered budget drivers and are often used by budget managers to automatically calculate revenue amounts for the healthcare provider. Key functionality in this type of form allows the user to enter items such as rates and estimated patient volume. Rate examples are: Inpatient, Outpatient, Commercial, Medicare and Medicaid. You will find an example of this type of form below.

Automate Your Healthcare Operations

Purpose of Revenue Assumption Forms

Hospitals and clinics use Revenue Assumption Forms to streamline and automate their revenue budget. When used as part of good business practices in a Financial Planning & Analysis (FP&A) department, an organization can improve its revenue planning process, as well as, reduce the chances that budgets become static and where adaptation to changing circumstances are time consuming.

Revenue Assumption Form Example

Here is an example of a Revenue Budget Assumption form for a healthcare provider.

Revenue Budget Assumptions for Healthcare Providers Example

Revenue Budget Assumptions for Healthcare Providers Example

You can find hundreds of additional examples here.

Who Uses This Type of Form?

The typical users of this type of form are: Budget Managers, analysts and CFOs.

Other Forms Often Used in Conjunction with Revenue Assumption Forms

Progressive Financial Planning & Analysis (FP&A) Departments sometimes use several different Revenue Assumption Forms, along with the rest of their budget model and other management and control tools.

Solver for Healthcare Providers

Where Does the Data for Analysis Originate From?

The Actual (historical transactions) data typically comes from enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems like: Microsoft Dynamics 365 (D365) Finance, Microsoft Dynamics 365 Business Central (D365 BC), Microsoft Dynamics AX, Microsoft Dynamics NAV, Microsoft Dynamics GP, Microsoft Dynamics SL, Sage Intacct, Sage 100, Sage 300, Sage 500, Sage X3, SAP Business One, SAP ByDesign, Acumatica, Netsuite and others.

In analyses where budgets or forecasts are used, the planning data most often originates from in-house Excel spreadsheet models or from professional corporate performance management (CPM/EPM) solutions.

What Tools are Typically used for Reporting, Planning and Dashboards?

Examples of business software used with the data and ERPs mentioned above are:

  • Native ERP report writers and query tools
  • Spreadsheets (for example Microsoft Excel)
  • Corporate Performance Management (CPM) tools (for example Solver)
  • Dashboards (for example Microsoft Power BI and Tableau)

Automate Your Healthcare Operations

Corporate Performance Management (CPM) Cloud Solutions and More Examples

Personnel Budget Assumptions for Government Entities Example

What is a Personnel Budget Assumptions Model?

Payroll Assumption models are considered workforce budget drivers and are often used by HR and budget managers to enter the assumptions needed to calculate benefit and salary budgets. Key functionality in this type of budget template provides input of drivers such as rates per salary grade, percentages (%) of regular and merit increases in salaries. Furthermore, the user can enter both percentages (%) and amount increases for items, such as, healthcare costs, social security and Medicare. You will find an example of this type of budget template below.

Purpose of Personnel Assumption Input Forms

State and local government organizations use Personnel Assumption Input Forms to automate their employee payroll budget calculations and to simplify revisions and changes. It also enables them to quickly create multiple scenarios (versions). When used as part of good business practices in a Budgeting and Planning department, a public sector institution can improve its budget process, as well as, reduce the chances that budget versions are static and time consuming to update.

Personnel Assumption Input Form Example

Here is an example of a Government Personnel Assumption form used to create payroll budgets.

Personnel Budget Assumptions for Government Entities Example

Personnel Budget Assumptions for Government Entities Example

You can find hundreds of additional examples here.

Who Uses This Type of Budget Template?

The typical users of this type of budget template are: Budget Managers and HR Managers.

Other Budget Templates Often Used in Conjunction with Personnel Assumption Input Forms

Progressive Budgeting and Planning Departments sometimes use several different Personnel Assumption Input Forms, along with payroll input forms, revenue and expense budget models and other management and control tools.

Where Does the Data for Analysis Originate From?

The Actual (historical transactions) data typically comes from enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems like: Microsoft Dynamics 365 (D365) Finance, Microsoft Dynamics 365 Business Central (D365 BC), Microsoft Dynamics AX, Microsoft Dynamics NAV, Microsoft Dynamics GP, Microsoft Dynamics SL, Sage Intacct, Sage 100, Sage 300, Sage 500, Sage X3, SAP Business One, SAP ByDesign, Acumatica, Netsuite and others.

In analyses where budgets or forecasts are used, the planning data most often originates from in-house Excel spreadsheet models or from professional corporate performance management (CPM/EPM) solutions.

What Tools are Typically used for Reporting, Planning and Dashboards?

Examples of business software used with the data and ERPs mentioned above are:

  • Native ERP report writers and query tools
  • Spreadsheets (for example Microsoft Excel)
  • Corporate Performance Management (CPM) tools (for example Solver)
  • Dashboards (for example Microsoft Power BI and Tableau)

Corporate Performance Management (CPM) Cloud Solutions and More Examples

Allocation Input form Example

What is an Allocation Input Form?

Allocation input forms are considered an essential part of many advanced allocation models, and are often used by accountants to enter drivers for allocation calculations, such as square feet and headcount. Key functionality in this type of allocation tool provides a web-based input form where end users can enter drivers that are not available from other data sources. These drivers can then be used to allocate, for example, administrative overhead expenses to operating departments. You will find an example of this type of allocation tool below.

Purpose of Allocation Driver Input Forms

Companies and organizations use Allocation Driver Input Forms to provide an easy-to-use and secure mechanism where end users can capture statistics and other drivers to be used in allocation calculations. When used as part of good business practices in a Finance and Accounting department, a company can improve its allocation process and related speed and agility, as well as, reduce the chance that allocations are skipped or delayed, thereby reducing managers’ ability to measure business unit profitability.

Allocation Driver Input Form Example

Here is an example of an Allocation Input Form with monthly input of drivers used in allocation calculations.

Allocation Input form Example

Allocation Input form Example

You can find hundreds of additional examples here.

Who Uses This Type of Allocation Tool?

The typical users of this type of allocation tool are: Accountants and Business Unit Managers.

Other Allocation Tools Often Used in Conjunction with Allocation Driver Input Forms

Progressive Finance and Accounting Departments sometimes use several different Allocation Driver Input Forms, along with profit & loss reports, dashboards and other management and control tools.

Where Does the Data for Analysis Originate From?

The Actual (historical transactions) data typically comes from enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems like: Microsoft Dynamics 365 (D365) Finance, Microsoft Dynamics 365 Business Central (D365 BC), Microsoft Dynamics AX, Microsoft Dynamics NAV, Microsoft Dynamics GP, Microsoft Dynamics SL, Sage Intacct, Sage 100, Sage 300, Sage 500, Sage X3, SAP Business One, SAP ByDesign, Acumatica, Netsuite and others.

In analyses where budgets or forecasts are used, the planning data most often originates from in-house Excel spreadsheet models or from professional corporate performance management (CPM/EPM) solutions.

What Tools are Typically used for Reporting, Planning and Dashboards?

Examples of business software used with the data and ERPs mentioned above are:

  • Native ERP report writers and query tools
  • Spreadsheets (for example Microsoft Excel)
  • Corporate Performance Management (CPM) tools (for example Solver)
  • Dashboards (for example Microsoft Power BI and Tableau)

Corporate Performance Management (CPM) Cloud Solutions and More Examples

 

Departmental Allocation Report Example

What is a Departmental Allocation Report?

Allocation reports are considered financial tools and are often used by accountants to estimate profitability for revenue-generating departments after the distribution of overhead expenses to their financials. Key functionality in this type of allocation tool automatically calculates overhead amounts to be allocated from administrative to revenue generating departments. Any number of allocation methods can be used. In the example below, the allocations were performed based on headcount and square feet. You will find an example of this type of allocation tool below.

Purpose of Departmental Allocation Reports

Companies and organizations use Departmental Allocation Reports to get full visibility into the true profitability of their revenue-generating departments. When used as part of good business practices in a Finance and Accounting department, a company can improve its profit center analysis, as well as, reduce the chances that managers overstate profitability of departments that consume a lot of overhead services from other business units.

Departmental Allocation Report Example

Here is an example of a fully automated Allocation Report that calculates and stores allocated expenses by department.

Departmental Allocation Report Example

Departmental Allocation Report Example

You can find hundreds of additional examples here.

Who Uses This Type of Allocation Tool?

The typical users of this type of allocation tool are: CFOs and Department Managers.

Other Allocation Tools Often Used in Conjunction with Departmental Allocation Reports

Progressive Finance and Accounting Departments sometimes use several different Departmental Allocation Reports, along with profit & loss reports, dashboards and other management and control tools.

Where Does the Data for Analysis Originate From?

The Actual (historical transactions) data typically comes from enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems like: Microsoft Dynamics 365 (D365) Finance, Microsoft Dynamics 365 Business Central (D365 BC), Microsoft Dynamics AX, Microsoft Dynamics NAV, Microsoft Dynamics GP, Microsoft Dynamics SL, Sage Intacct, Sage 100, Sage 300, Sage 500, Sage X3, SAP Business One, SAP ByDesign, Acumatica, Netsuite and others.

In analyses where budgets or forecasts are used, the planning data most often originates from in-house Excel spreadsheet models or from professional corporate performance management (CPM/EPM) solutions.

What Tools are Typically used for Reporting, Planning and Dashboards?

Examples of business software used with the data and ERPs mentioned above are:

  • Native ERP report writers and query tools
  • Spreadsheets (for example Microsoft Excel)
  • Corporate Performance Management (CPM) tools (for example Solver)
  • Dashboards (for example Microsoft Power BI and Tableau)

Corporate Performance Management (CPM) Cloud Solutions and More Examples

Payroll Budget Assumption Input Form Example

What is a Payroll Budget Assumption Input Form?

Payroll budget assumption templates are considered drivers for headcount and payroll planning, and are used by HR and budget managers to drive salary, tax and benefit calculations. Some key functionality in this type of annual budget template enables automated calculations of many items in a detailed employee budget. It also allows for quick changes of assumptions that result in new payroll expenses and scenarios. You will find an example of this type of annual budget template below.

Purpose of Payroll Budget Assumptions

Companies and organizations use Payroll Budget Assumptions to enable quick changes in the employee budget and to support multiple planning scenarios. When used as part of good business practices in a Financial Planning & Analysis (FP&A) and HR Department, a company can improve its expense control, budget accuracy and hiring plans, as well as, reduce manual input calculation mistakes often found in personnel budgets.

Payroll Budget Assumption Example

Here is an example of an assumption form where the user enters figures that drives the annual employee expense budget.

Payroll Budget Assumption Input Form Example

Payroll Budget Assumption Input Form Example

You can find hundreds of additional examples here.

Who Uses This Type of Annual budget Template?

The typical users of this type of annual budget template are: Human Resources (HR) and budget managers.

Other Annual Budget Templates Often Used in Conjunction with Payroll Budget Assumptions

Progressive Financial Planning & Analysis (FP&A) and HR Departments sometimes use several different Payroll Budget Assumptions, along with detailed payroll forms, as well as, other annual budget templates and management and control tools.

Where Does the Data for Analysis Originate From?

The Actual (historical transactions) data typically comes from enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems like: Microsoft Dynamics 365 (D365) Finance, Microsoft Dynamics 365 Business Central (D365 BC), Microsoft Dynamics AX, Microsoft Dynamics NAV, Microsoft Dynamics GP, Microsoft Dynamics SL, Sage Intacct, Sage 100, Sage 300, Sage 500, Sage X3, SAP Business One, SAP ByDesign, Netsuite and others.

In analyses where budgets or forecasts are used, the data most often originates from in-house Excel spreadsheet models or from professional corporate performance management (CPM/EPM) solutions.

What Tools are Typically used for Reporting, Planning and Dashboards?

Examples of business software used with the data and ERPs mentioned above are:

  • Native ERP report writers and query tools
  • Spreadsheets (for example Microsoft Excel)
  • Corporate Performance Management (CPM) tools (for example Solver)
  • Dashboards (for example Microsoft Power BI and Tableau)

Corporate Performance Management (CPM) Technology Solutions and More Examples

Driver-based Sales Forecast Template

What is a Driver-based Sales Forecast?

Driver-based sales forecasts are considered essential planning tools and are used by sales managers to estimate sales in upcoming months. A key functionality in this type of forecast template allows the sales manager to automatically generate sales per sales person based on break-back of the full year sales target. Next, manual adjustments can be made at the row level to apply relevant exceptions. Variance between total forecasted sales and the original sales budget is displayed on the top of the form. You will find an example of this type of forecast template below.

Automate your financial analysis and reporting

Purpose of Driver-based Sales Forecast Templates

Companies and organizations use Driver-based Sales Forecast Templates to enable all departments that have a dependency on sales to stay on top of their related plans. When used as part of good business practices in a Sales Department, a company can improve its sales-related plans and activities as well as reduce the risk that the company misses its profit targets or experiences issues with its supply chain.

Driver-based Sales Forecast Template Example

Here is an example of a driver-based Sales Forecast Input Template.

Driver-based Sales Forecast Template

Driver-based Sales Forecast Template

You can find 100’s of additional examples here.

Who Uses This Type of Forecast Template?

The typical users of this type of forecast template are: Sales Executives and other managers.

Other Forecast Templates Often Used in Conjunction with Driver-based Sales Forecast Templates

Progressive Sales Departments sometimes use several different Driver-based Sales Forecast Templates, along with sales reports, sales dashboards, financial forecast reports and other management and control tools.

Where Does the Data for Analysis Originate From?

The Actual (historical transactions) data typically comes from enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems like: Microsoft Dynamics 365 (D365) Finance, Microsoft Dynamics 365 Business Central (D365 BC), Microsoft Dynamics AX, Microsoft Dynamics NAV, Microsoft Dynamics SL, Sage Intacct, Sage 100, Sage 300, Sage 500, Sage X3, SAP Business One, SAP ByDesign, Netsuite and others.

In analyses where budgets or forecasts are used, the data most often originates from in-house Excel spreadsheet models or from professional corporate performance management (CPM/EPM) solutions.

What Tools are Typically used for Reporting, Planning and Dashboards?

Examples of business software used with the data and ERPs mentioned above are:

  • Native ERP report writers and query tools
  • Spreadsheets (for example Microsoft Excel)
  • Corporate Performance Management (CPM) tools (for example Solver)
  • Dashboards (for example Microsoft Power BI and Tableau)

Automate your financial analysis and reporting

Corporate Performance Management (CPM) Technology Solutions and More Examples